NEW CASCO, which, erected in 1698, was also a trading post. The Indians of Maine had at first been very friendly with the English; it was only after they had been repeatedly betrayed, insulted, cheated, and assaulted that they became hostile and vengeful. The French, who managed their relations more amicably, soon won the friendship of the Indians and determined to use them in their efforts to drive the English from American shores. Maine, part of the territory that the French claimed longest, was particularly subject to attack. In 1703 a conference was held with the Indians at Fort New Casco and the settlers hoped for safer times; but within two months another attack came and the fort was the center of defense for the settlements of Casco Bay. The attack of a large force of Frenchmen and Indians was repulsed only by the arrival of an armed vessel. The fort was abandoned in 1716, when Massachusetts thought it was no longer necessary to maintain a garrison here.